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Eutrophication Fact Sheet

  • Bricker, S.B., J.G. Ferreira, and T. Simas (2003) An integrated methodology for assessment of estuarine trophic status. Ecological Modeling. 169: 39-60.
  • Cloern, J.E. (2001) Our evolving conceptual model of the coastal eutrophication problem. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 210: 223-253.
  • Driscoll, C.T., D. Whitall, J. Aber, E. Boyer, M. Castro, C. Cronan, C. Goodale, C. Hoplinson, K. F. Lambert, G. Lawrence, S. Ollinger. (2003). Nitrogen Pollution: From the Sources to the Sea. Hubbard Brook Research Foundation. Science Links Publication Vol. 1(2).
  • EPA:
  • EPA NCA data:
  • Moore, R.B., C.M. Johnson, R.A. Smith, and B. Milstead (2011). Source and delivery of nutrients to receiving waters in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 1-26.
  • State of the Gulf Report’s Eutrophication chapter:

Click here to download the Eutrophication Fact Sheet (5.8 MB)

Priority Indicators

Aquatic Habitats


Climate Change

Coastal Development