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Guidelines, Codes of Conduct and Preferred Practices: Biodiversity

Click here for the Biodiversity theme page

photo-biodiversity-cred-noaaThe linked documents are maintained by outside agencies and are provided for information purposes. They are not endorsed by the Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment. The linked documents may recommend techniques that do not meet the requirements of Gulf of Maine Council member agencies. They may also contravene regulations in readers’ jurisdictions. Before undertaking activities, readers should check laws, regulations and guidelines in their home jurisdiction. The supporting agencies do not make any warranty or representation, expressed or implied, with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the information.

 

Invasive Species

The shipping federation of Canada Code of best practices for ballast water management
Issues: Introduction of invasive species via ballast water
http://www.shipfed.ca/new/eng/members/EnvTools/docs/BW-CodeOfBestPractices.pdf
Ballast water exchange is a common practice to reduce the introduction of marine invasive species via ballast water by the shipping industry. Included in this code of conduct are numerous directions including when not to uptake ballast water. This code was developed by the Shipping Federation of Canada and is targeted at vessel owners and operators.

Preventing invasive species: Cleaning watercraft and equipment
Issues: Introduction of invasive species via fouling
http://www.habitat.noaa.gov/pdf/best_management_practices/Cleaning%20of%20Watercraft%20and%20Equipment.pdf
Produced by the NOAA Fisheries Service, this document on cleaning watercrafts and equipment to prevent the introduction of invasive species is relevant to all owners of said equipment. It is possible to reduce contaminants and invasive species by following guidelines related to draining, cleaning (adhesive roller, brushing, vacuuming, thermal treatment, etc.), and drying watercraft and equipment.

Guide to ballast water treatment 2013
Issues: Introduction of invasive species, shipping
http://www.rwo.de/rwo/ressources/documents/1/25412,Ballast-Water-Guide-2013.pdf
Extensive research has gone into preventing the introduction of invasive species by ballast water. Technologies included in the guide are the following: chlorine dioxide, coagulation, cyclonic separation, electro-catalysis, electrochlorination/electrolysis, ozonation, Peraclean Ocean, residual control (sulphite/bisulphate), UV radiation, chlorination, and deoxygenation. This guide was produced by Lloyd’s Register and the topic is relevant to large vessel owners and operators.

Safer alternatives to copper based antifouling paints for marine vessels project
Issues: Introduction of invasive species, shipping, boating
http://www.epa.gov/region9/waste/features/safe-paint/pdf/alternative-coating-matrix.pdf
Matrix to assist boaters in selecting appropriate coating for boat and boat use. There are many different types of antifouling paints for marine vessels which reduce the introduction of invasive species but some may be more suited to some types of vessels than others. This matrix, by the Unified Port of San Diego, is a tool that vessel owners and operators could use to aid the selection process

Global strategy on invasive alien species
Issues: Introduction of invasive species, strategic responses to invasive species
http://data.iucn.org/dbtw-wpd/edocs/2001-011.pdf
While this strategy published by the IUCN is targeted at higher levels of government, it contains information that may be of interest to state/provincial governments, municipalities, and NGOs. This document describes how invasive species influence economic sectors, the sources and pathways of invasive species, and strategic responses to the introduction of invasive species.

Boater Fact Sheets
Issues: wastewater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, invasive species, boating
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/cwq/marinas/cmg-factsheets.pdf
The Boater Fact Sheets provide user-friendly BMPs for owners and operators of personal watercrafts. The series covers boat operation and fueling, waste disposal, wastewater management, vessel maintenance, and non-toxic cleaning alternatives. Developed by the Massachusetts government, these fact sheets are targeted towards marinas, municipalities, and vessel owners/operators.

A guide to selecting pressure washing management practices and technologies
Issues: wastewater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, invasive species , boating
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/cwq/marinas/pressure-washing-guide.pdf
The wastewater produced by power-washing contains microbial pathogens and toxic components therefore it must be properly managed. This guide includes information pertaining to why the management of pressure washwater is important, basic principles of pressure washwater management and some specific technologies that can be utilized. The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management produced this guide as a tool for marina operators and vessel owners/operators.

Massachusetts clean marina guide: Strategies to reduce environmental impacts
Issues: wastewater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, invasive species, boating
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/cwq/marinas/cmg-complete.pdf
The Massachusetts Clean Marina Guide covers a variety of activities with environmental implications including hull maintenance, boat cleaning, engine maintenance, fueling, and wastewater management. Published by the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs and the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management, this guide is geared towards marinas, municipalities, boatyards, and vessel owners/operators.

 

Funding and Support

Funding and in-kind support for this Guidelines and Codes of Conduct website was provided by Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nova Scotia Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management and the Maine State Planning Office.

 

Photo: NOAA

Acknowledgements

The State of the Gulf of Maine Report was coordinated and funded by:

DFO

Additional funding and in-kind support was provided by: