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Guidelines, Codes of Conduct and Preferred Practices: Climate Change

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The linked documents are maintained by outside agencies and are provided for information purposes. They are not endorsed by the Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment. The linked documents may recommend techniques that do not meet the requirements of Gulf of Maine Council member agencies. They may also contravene regulations in readers’ jurisdictions. Before undertaking activities, readers should check laws, regulations and guidelines in their home jurisdiction. The supporting agencies do not make any warranty or representation, expressed or implied, with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the information.

 

StormSmart Coasts Fact Sheet 5: Raise your home, lower your monthly payments
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/stormsmart/ssc/ssc5-freeboard.pdf
Issues: coastal flooding, climate change adaptation
Freeboard is the elevation of a building’s lowest floor above predicted flood and storm surge elevations. This fact sheet, written by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management, provides estimated costs for the construction of a new structure with freeboard and links to additional freeboard guidance documents relevant for coastal home and property owners.

Maine coastal property owner’s guide to erosion, flooding and other hazards
http://www.seagrant.umaine.edu/files/chg/11SlovinskyCHG.pdf
Issues: coastal flooding, coastal erosion, climate change adaptation
Meant as an educational tool for coastal landowners developed by the Maine Geological Survey, this document provides guidance for coastal property owners to develop short and long term hazard management plans. This includes the identification and level of hazards present and strategies to mitigate the hazards.

Technologies for Climate Change Adaptation—Coastal erosion and flooding
Issues: climate change adaptation, habitat restoration, coastal erosion, flood reduction
http://www.uneprisoe.org/TNA-Guidebook-Series
This international publication produced by the UNEP Riso Centre looks at a range of technologies and techniques including flood hazard mapping, flood warnings, flood-proofing, storm surge barrier, dune rehabilitation, seawalls, and wetland restoration. The information contained within this manual may be of interest to coastal land/property owners, municipalities, and provincial/state governments.

Sea level rise: Understanding and applying trends and future scenarios for analysis and planning
Issues: climate change adaptation
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/stormsmart/slr-guidance-2013.pdf
This resource focuses on the application of sea level rise scenarios at local and regional levels. It also looks at coastal vulnerability assessments such as coastal inundation mapping as well as resilience, adaptive capacity and risk. Published by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management this may be of interest to municipalities and state/provincial governments.

Four places to cut your carbon
Issues: climate change mitigation
http://www.davidsuzuki.org/what-you-can-do/reduce-your-carbon-footprint/four-places-to-cut-your-carbon/
This webpage by the David Suzuki Foundation describes simple ways that anyone can reduce their greenhouse emissions by making changes to their transportation, energy, and food choices.

Beach Nourishment: MassDEP’s guide to BMPs for projects in Massachusetts
Issues: coastal erosion, flood reduction, climate change adaptation
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/dep/water/resources/a-thru-m/bchbod.pdf
Beach nourishment is the addition of sediment to a beach or dune system which delays the impacts of coastal erosion thus protecting property and resources further inland from flooding and sea level rise. This document contains background information on beach nourishment, basic steps for a nourishment project, as well as technical resources such as source material characterization and beach stability determination. This guide is a collaborative effort between Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection and Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management and is targeted at municipalities and state/provincial governments.

StormSmart Coasts Fact Sheet 6: Landscaping to protect your coastal property from storm damage and flooding
Issues: coastal erosion, coastal flooding, climate change adaptation
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/stormsmart/ssc/ssc6-landscaping.pdf
Landscaping coastal properties can stabilize coastal banks and provide protection from storm damage and flooding, making this topic relevant to coastal landowners and municipalities. This document, published by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management, describes the benefits of plants over engineered structures, how to select appropriate plants, minimizing maintenance requirements and more.

StormSmart Properties Fact Sheet 3: Bioengineering – Natural Fiber Blankets on Coastal Banks
Issues: coastal erosion, flood reduction, climate change adaptation
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/stormsmart/properties/ssp-factsheet-5-bioengineering.pdf
Natural fiber blankets are used to reduce erosion of sediment from wind, runoff, storm surges and flooding. Included in this document, by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management, is a description of the impacts and benefits of natural fiber blankets, as well as design considerations for the installation and maintenance of natural fiber blankets. This document may be useful for coastal landowners and municipalities.

StormSmart Properties Fact Sheet 4: Bioengineering – Coir rolls on coastal banks
Issues: coastal erosion, flood reduction, climate change adaptation
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/stormsmart/properties/ssp-factsheet-4-coir-rolls.pdf
Coir rolls are cylindrical rolls packed with coir fibers installed at the base of coastal banks. This document contains information on how coir rolls reduce storm damage, the benefits and impacts of coir rolls, and a variety of design considerations to minimize adverse impacts of the design, installation and maintenance of coir rolls. Written by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management, this information is relevant to coastal landowners and municipalities.

StormSmart Properties Fact Sheet 6: Sand Fencing
Issues: habitat restoration, coastal erosion, flood reduction, climate change adaptation
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/stormsmart/properties/ssp-factsheet-6-sandfencing.pdf
Sand fencing is used to capture sand to build dunes. The fencing reduces wind speeds resulting in sand particles being deposited. Building up sand dunes provides greater protection from storm surges, coastal erosion and sea level rise. The fact sheet contains design considerations including appropriate location, fence placement, spacing between slats, etc. Produced by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management this topic is relevant to coastal landowners and municipalities.

New Jersey Sea Grant College Program Manual for Coastal Hazard Mitigation
Issues: coastal erosion, flood reduction, local land-use planning
http://www.state.nj.us/dep/cmp/coastal_hazard_manual.pdf
This manual looks at coastal hazard mitigation from many angles. There are descriptions of different coastal hazards, information on mitigation and risk assessment, as well as information on a variety of mitigation techniques such as elevation, shore protection structures, and natural resource restoration. Produced by the New Jersey Sea Grant College Program, this manual may be of interest to coastal property owners, municipalities, and developers. It should be noted that when appropriately sited, constructed and maintained, shore protection structures are effective protection but can have adverse impacts on natural processes. They should always be designed and certified by a professional coastal engineer.

Best management practices to avoid and minimize adverse environmental impacts
Issues: Coastal flooding, coastal erosion, shoreline stabilization, habitat restoration, local land-use planning
http://www.fws.gov/charleston/pdf/PIPL/BMPs%20For%20Shoreline%20Stabilization%20To%20Avoid%20And%20Minimize%20Adverse%20Environmental%20Impacts.pdf
Prepared by Terwilliger Consulting, Inc., this paper describes practices that minimize environmental impacts of shoreline stabilization. Relevant to municipalities and in some cases coastal landowners, BMPs for the stabilization of dunes, beaches, offshore, nearshore, inlets, and estuarine habitats are discussed. It should be noted that hard stabilization, which is discussed in this document, should only be considered in cases where extreme development has already occurred on the shoreline.

 

Funding and Support

Funding and in-kind support for this Guidelines and Codes of Conduct website was provided by Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nova Scotia Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management and the Maine State Planning Office.

Photo: Massachusetts Coastal Zone Management

Acknowledgements

The State of the Gulf of Maine Report was coordinated and funded by:

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Additional funding and in-kind support was provided by: