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Guidelines, Codes of Conduct and Preferred Practices: Contaminants

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photo-contaminants-cred-ec-and-pei-fisheries-aquaculture-and-environment-and-pei-agriculture-and-forestryThe linked documents are maintained by outside agencies and are provided for information purposes. They are not endorsed by the Gulf of Maine Council on the Marine Environment. The linked documents may recommend techniques that do not meet the requirements of Gulf of Maine Council member agencies. They may also contravene regulations in readers’ jurisdictions. Before undertaking activities, readers should check laws, regulations and guidelines in their home jurisdiction. The supporting agencies do not make any warranty or representation, expressed or implied, with respect to the accuracy or completeness of the information.

 

BMPs for sediment control and water clarity enhancement
Issues: pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, stormwater management, coastal erosion, habitat restoration
http://www.chesapeakebay.net/content/publications/cbp_13369.pdf
The Chesapeake Bay Program has developed this manual of BMPs that would be informative for coastal landowners, municipalities, and state/provincial governments. This manual focuses on buffers, urban stormwater management, structural erosion controls, and oyster reef restoration.

Best management practices: Agricultural waste management
Issues: Pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://www.gov.pe.ca/photos/original/af_bmp_wastemgt.pdf
If not properly managed, agricultural waste can result in contaminants entering the environment. This Prince Edward Island document makes recommendations for livestock/poultry waste management, milkhouse waste management, livestock pasturing, waste forage, seepage from farm silos, dead stock disposal, vegetable waste management and farm plastics disposal.

Addressing microbial pollution in coastal waters: A reference for local governments
Issues: stormwater treatment/management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://www.nccoastaltraining.net/uploads/File/ctp/Microbial%20Manual%20-%20Chapt%204.pdf
Produced by the North Carolina National Estuarine Research Reserve, this document was created as a reference for municipalities. Wet ponds are permanent pools of water that enhance the removal of pollutants by temporarily detaining stormwater and are of particular interest within this chapter.

Construction and Maintenance Environmental Requirements – BMPs Manual: Massachusetts
Issues: pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, construction
http://www.transmission-nu.com/contractors/pdf/MA_BMP.pdf
Prepared for the Northeast Utilities Environmental Licensing and Permitting Group, this manual focuses on minimizing the environmental impacts of construction. It includes information on sediment and erosion controls, rehabilitation and restoration, and construction considerations. These BMPs protect the watershed by minimizing pollutant/contaminants from entering the environment.

University of California San Diego Pollution Prevention BMPs Handbook
Issues: pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://www-ehs.ucsd.edu/SWPPBMP_Handbook.pdf
Developed for university staff, this handbook is focused on the management of hazardous waste to prevent pollutants from entering storm drains and waterways. This handbook was created by the University of California San Diego.

Wellcare information for you about protecting groundwater through agricultural best management practices
Issues: Pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, agriculture
http://www.watersystemscouncil.org/documents/AgriculturalBMPOverview.pdf
This is a series of guidelines for the protection of groundwater from agriculture prepared by a non-government organization, the Water Systems Council. This document covers everything from pesticide use and excessive nutrients on pastures to manure on streams and leakage from storage tanks.

Emergency preparedness: Using well water after a flood
Issues: Pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://0-fs01.cito.gov.ns.ca.legcat.gov.ns.ca/deposit/b10650520.pdf
Developed by the Nova Scotia government, this brochure provides directions on well water use after a flood to prevent illness from bacteria and chemicals. This is relevant to all those that use well water.

North Carolina Division of Water Quality: Stormwater BMPs Manual
Issues: stormwater treatment/management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://www.ncsu.edu/ehs/environ/DWQ_StormwaterBMPmanual_001[1].pdf
North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources (NCDENR) developed this manual of BMPs for stormwater management that is relevant to municipalities. Some of the design components included are geosynthetics, flow splitters, forebays, and curb diversion devices.

Taking care of your home sewage disposal system
Issues: wastewater treatment/management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://www.novascotia.ca/nse/water/docs/OnSiteSewageMaintenance.pdf
The Nova Scotia Department of the Environment developed these suggestions for maintaining private property sewage disposal systems as improper management may result in water contamination. Recommendations on how to maintain home sewage systems, recognizing warning signs of an issue, and things that should not be done while maintaining home sewage systems are all included.

Pesticide safety in the garden
Issues: pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, gardening
http://www.novascotia.ca/nse/pests/docs/PesticideSafetyGarden.pdf
Water contamination can affect the entire watershed and enter the marine environment. This fact sheet by the Nova Scotia Department of the Environment is focused on pesticide use and its environmental implications. Recommendations to minimize environmental impacts of pesticide use include selecting the least toxic and most specific control for the pest, correctly identifying the pest, purchasing just enough pesticide for the job/season, etc.

A homeowner’s guide to septic systems
Issues: wastewater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://www.novascotia.ca/nse/wastewater/docs/Homeowners.Guide.to.Septic.Systems.pdf
Waste Water Nova Scotia Society and the Nova Scotia Department of Environment partnered up to develop a guide for homeowners which reduces water contamination by septic systems. Top things you can do for your septic system: inspect and pump every 3-5 years, do not dispose of hazardous waste in septic systems, plant grass and keep large roots out of disposal fields, spread water use over time.

Before you construct an on-site sewage system- Facts a homeowner should know
Issues: wastewater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
https://www.novascotia.ca/nse/water/docs/OnSiteSewageConstruction.pdf
This manual is a collaborative effort between Nova Scotia Environment and the Waste Water Nova Scotia Society and is relevant to homeowners with on-site sewage system. This document describes standards for Nova Scotia as well as information on maintenance and care of sewage system for optimal productivity and environmental protection.

Boater Fact Sheets
Issues: wastewater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, invasive species, boating
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/cwq/marinas/cmg-factsheets.pdf
The Boater Fact Sheets provide user-friendly BMPs for owners and operators of personal watercrafts. The series covers boat operation and fueling, waste disposal, wastewater management, vessel maintenance, and non-toxic cleaning alternatives. Developed by the Massachusetts government, these fact sheets are targeted towards marinas, municipalities, and vessel owners/operators.

Massachusetts clean marina guide: Strategies to reduce environmental impacts
Issues: wastewater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, invasive species, boating
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/cwq/marinas/cmg-complete.pdf
The Massachusetts Clean Marina Guide covers a variety of activities with environmental implications including hull maintenance, boat cleaning, engine maintenance, fueling, and wastewater management. Published by the Massachusetts Executive Office of Environmental Affairs and the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management, this guide is geared towards marinas, municipalities, boatyards, and vessel owners/operators.

A guide to selecting pressure washing management practices and technologies
Issues: wastewater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, invasive species, boating
http://www.mass.gov/eea/docs/czm/cwq/marinas/pressure-washing-guide.pdf
The wastewater produced by power-washing contains microbial pathogens and toxic components therefore it must be properly managed. This guide includes information pertaining to why the management of pressure washwater is important, basic principles of pressure washwater management and some specific technologies that can be utilized. The Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management produced this guide as a tool for marina operators and vessel owners/operators.

Best management practices to minimize agricultural phosphorus impacts on water quality
Issues: Pollutant/contaminant removal and containment, agriculture
http://www.sera17.ext.vt.edu/Documents/BMPs%20for%20P,%20ARS%20163%202006
The application of phosphorus is a common practice in many types of agriculture but it can result in eutrophication if phosphorus enters water bodies. This guidebook, prepared by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, covers techniques for controlling phosphorus at the source, transportation of phosphorus, and the implementation of phosphorus BMPs.

Low Impact Development Stormwater Management Planning and Design
Issues: local land-use planning, stormwater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://www.creditvalleyca.ca/low-impact-development/low-impact-development-support/stormwater-management-lid-guidance-documents/low-impact-development-stormwater-management-planning-and-design-guide/
This manual, which is a collaborative effort between the Credit Valley Conservation Authority and Toronto and Region Conservation Authority, focuses on the management of stormwater. Of particular interest are Chapters 3 and 4 which introduce Low Impact Development (LID) practices and design considerations for structural components. The information provided in this document could be of interest to coastal land/property owners, developers, and municipalities.

Using Smart Growth Techniques as Stormwater BMPs
Issues: local land-use planning, stormwater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://www.epa.gov/dced/pdf/sg_stormwater_BMP.pdf
This document is specifically focused on how smart growth development techniques can act as stormwater best management practices. Specific techniques are included in the guidebook: regional planning, infill development, redevelopment, development districts, tree and canopy programs, parking policies, street designs, and stormwater utilities. Developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, this document is targeted at coastal land/property owners, developers, and municipalities.

The use of BMPs in urban watersheds
Issues: stormwater management, pollutant/contaminant removal and containment
http://medina.cee.duke.edu/CE123/600r04184.pdf
The United States Environmental Protection Agency has developed this manual of BMPs for urban watersheds. There are a variety of BMPs; one of particular note is dry extended-detention ponds which are stormwater basins that intercept stormwater runoff and temporarily hold it for gradual release to the receiving storm sewer system. Modified dry ponds detain urban runoff allowing solids and associated pollutants time to settle out. This manual is aimed at municipalities.

 

Funding and Support

Funding and in-kind support for this Guidelines and Codes of Conduct website was provided by Environment Canada, Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Nova Scotia Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management and the Maine State Planning Office.

Photo: Environment Canada, Agriculture and Forestry – Prince Edward Island, and Aquaculture and Environment – Prince Edward Island

Acknowledgements

The State of the Gulf of Maine Report was coordinated and funded by:

DFO

Additional funding and in-kind support was provided by: